18th century: Jewish refugees
Jews who had been expelled from countries throughout Europe started arriving in Liverpool and a Jewish community was established.
Thousands of Irish refugees fleeing the potato famine sailed into Liverpool from Dublin. By the 1860s they made up 25% of the population.
Italian refugees fleeing the unification of Italy arrived in Liverpool
Arrival of Cypriot refugees fleeing the civil war
Somalis fleeing the Civil war arrived in Liverpool to join the community that was already established there.
The dispersal of asylum seekers away from London and the South East to other regions of the UK was introduced under the 1999 Immigration and Asylum Act in order to reduce the demand on areas where there is a lack of housing. The dispersal process was overseen by a new agency called the National Asylum Support Service (NASS), which provided support and accommodation to adult asylum seekers via contracts with various councils around the country. As part of Home Office restructuring, NASS ceased to exist as a directorate in 2006 and all asylum support issues are now dealt with by the United Kingdom Border Agency (UKBA).
In 2000 Liverpool was chosen as a dispersal area by NASS (National Asylum support Service - now under the UKBA). This was due to the wide availability of social housing.
Last Updated: 16/04/10